- GLOSSARY -

A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H I  |  J  |  K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z

B

Biodiversity: the variety/diversity of life in a given area; may describe diversity at the ecosystem, species, or genetic level

Biodiversity hotspot: a region where high levels of biodiversity (specifically, the region must have at least 1,500 endemic vascular plants) are currently threatened (only 30% or less of its original natural vegetation remains); read more at Conservation International

E

Ecosystem: a community of interacting, biological (living) organisms and their physical (non-living) environment in a given space

Endangered: describes a species at risk of extinction; noun: endangerment

Endemic: describes a species that is unique to a biogeographic region, i.e. it only exists on a particular island, mountain range, or part of a continent; noun: endemism

H

Herptile: a reptile or amphibian

I

Indigenous: a species that naturally occurs in a given region without human intervention; synonym: native

Invasive: describes a non-native species whose uncontrolled population growth and spread causes economic or environmental problems

N

Non-native: describes a species living or growing in an area that is not part of its native range; synonyms: alien, exotic, introduced

S

 

Species richness: the number of different species in a given area; does not describe how many individuals of each species are present

Symbiosis: a mutually beneficial relationship between two different species; adjective: symbiotic

T

Threatened: describes a species at risk of endangerment

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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